Process Control

Instrumentation Training 



Benjamin S. Valle

About  Me

Competency  Based  Training on  Instrumentation







P & ID 

Instrument Fitter Course

Hand and Power Tools Safety

Process Analyzers

Competency Based Training on Process Instrumentation & Control

Competency based training (CBT) places emphasis on what a person
can do in the workplace as opposed to just having theoretical
knowledge. The emphasis in competency based is on “performing”
rather than just “knowing”. CBT programs are often comprised of
modules broken into segments called learning outcomes.
These modules are based on standards set by industry, and assessment
is designed to ensure each student has achieved all module outcomes.
Progress within a CBT program is not based on time. When students
complete the requirements in a module, they can move to the next
module, therefore they may be able to complete a program of study quickly.
A competency is defined in terms of what a person is required to do
(performance), under what conditions it is to be done (conditions) and
how well it is to be done (standards).
The definition of competency in the context of competency based
training includes four aspects of work performance. These are:
1. Task Skills - Being able to perform individual tasks.
2. Task Management Skills - Being able to manage a number of
different tasks within the job.
3. Contingency Management Skills - Being able to respond to
irregularities and breakdowns in routine.
4. Environment Skills - Being able to deal with the responsibilities and
expectations of the work environment.

Comparison Between CBT & Traditional Training Methods

1. Instructors focus on managing instruction
2. Most students enter at about the same time
3. All students cover the same material
4. Students all proceed from one topic to next at the same time
5. Most instruction is delivered by or dependent upon the instructor
6. The instructor controls the learning pace
7. All student are usually tested at once
8. Very little continuous feedback is given
9. Retesting is discouraged or not allowed at all
10. Materials, tools and supplies for only one
topic are needed at a time
11. The number of students enrolled is maximum at the beginning of year or terms and declines to half or less
12. The evening program is usually separate and distinct from the day program
13. The instructor controls the sequence in which topics will be covered

Competency Based Training
1. Instructors focus on managing learning
2. Students enter at various times throughout the year
3. Students train for different competencies within the same program.
4. Each student moves on to the next after mastering the competency that he currently is working on.
5. The instructor must manage the use of a wide variety of instructional media and materials each day
6. Each student learns at his own pace
7. Each student is tested when ready demonstrate mastery
8. Immediate feedback is given to each student at the learning process
9. Retesting is encouraged for reaching mastery
10. The instructor must see that all materials needed for many task are readily available
11. As vacancies are filled student enrollment
remains at capacity all year round
12. Day and evening program both have access to learning materials, resources and learning stations.
13. If possible the students determine the sequence of task

I am a lecturer on Process Control Instrumentation for TESDA. 



I developed these lectures for these courses. I'll retire soon

so I put these lectures online for my students to better

understand the principles of Process Control.


If you find my lectures useful,

please click these links and help fight

for truth and justice. Thanks!